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Professional photography : The most important basics and advice
ISO, aperture, and white balance – such technical terms are often intimidating for beginners, but are important for taking pictures properly. You can gradually discover which settings are important when taking pictures. It doesn’t have to be the expensive DSLR. You can also take great photos with an entry-level model or a good compact camera. A good start is to know your camera and adjust the settings correctly to the subject.
The main thing is to practice and experiment.
There is nothing wrong with taking pictures in automatic mode at the beginning of your photography career. On the contrary: This gives you a feeling for your camera and for interesting image sections. Also, exposure metering, ISO, white balance, and the focus in automatic mode are so sophisticated today that you can confidently rely on them.
However, two pieces of advice are useful:
⦁ Always check on the camera screen how the recording turned out. Sometimes it is necessary to adjust the exposure manually.
⦁ You should avoid the built-in automatic flash. To control the flash, select program auto mode. The camera automatically takes certain special features into account, such as movements or a wide-angle perspective
Learn to see photography
Think about what arouses your interest in the motif – and try to capture the expression through lighting conditions and perspective.
It is important to take a picture at the right time of day: architecture and nature come into their own shortly after sunrise or shortly before sunset, ie, in the “golden hour.” There is also the “blue hour,” one hour before and after sunrise or sunset. It brings a mysterious, bluish atmosphere into the picture.
The following also applies: less is more. Try not to put too many details on one image section – it looks crowded. Rather think about the focus of your photo. It helps to focus on the object of your choice and to photograph the rest out of focus.
Take the right pictures: the camera model and important modes
If you want to go for a new camera, consider a few things before making a decision. After all, what good is the best equipment if it is too impractical for your own purposes?
On the other hand, is someone who wants to take portraits and arranged scenes well served with a compact camera? With just a few modes, even beginners can strongly influence their results.
The agony of choice
What do you like to take photos of? To find out, you should first experiment with the old compact camera. Professional compact cameras are also completely sufficient when traveling – and beautifully light. Canon’s PowerShot is available in different versions. Sony and Panasonic also have good, affordable compact cameras.
The size of the camera is literally less important for portraits with a fixed backdrop or pre-installed scenery. The following applies to the model: There are no big differences in modern cameras. The lenses are much more important – there are sometimes high price and quality differences.
Important: If you buy a (digital) SLR camera, think carefully which model you want to use from which provider. Because if you buy lenses for the camera, you have to assume that they are not compatible with other manufacturers’ cameras.
Better with aperture mode
You can give yourself more creative freedom with the so-called aperture mode – or automatic timer (A-mode). You can use it to control the depth of field. A large depth of field is better for nature and architecture shots, while portraits or close-ups tend to require a shallow depth of field.
Caution: Use the aperture mode with care. Because: what was once out of focus, stays that way and cannot be saved by post-processing.
Good thing takes time: the exposure time
You can achieve beautiful effects like a Professional photography by changing the exposure time. This affects the amount of light that falls into the camera. A short exposure time, i.e. less light in the camera, is good for everyone who wants to take action-packed scenes properly: the subject is frozen at one point in the movement.
Long exposure times are interesting, for example, in nature photography. A long exposure creates beautiful shots of the starry sky. You can also choose a long exposure to visualize movement in your photo like a Professional photography . It makes sense to use a tripod – otherwise unsightly wobble occurs.
An important term in this context is the ISO number: the higher the value, the more sensitive your camera’s light sensor is. This means you need less exposure time to take a picture in poor lighting conditions.
Postprocessing for beginners: What do I have to consider?
Post-processing of photos isn’t just about using Photoshop to add great effects to your image. The most important thing is to view and sort out your recordings promptly. Minimalism is also required here: mercilessly delete what does not work in terms of composition or motif.
The following editing functions are fundamental:
- Reduce noise
- Brightening the overall picture and targeted areas
- Adjust shadows, center, lights
- Improve white balance
- Saturation, colors, and contrast
- Crop and align
What program you work with is of secondary importance. There are good, cheap alternatives to Photoshop or Lightroom, such as Gimp or Affinity Photo. You have to take a closer look at the user interface here, but it’s worth the effort.
Very important: Always create at least two backups of your photos to prevent data loss.
Don’t be afraid of the camera: the basis for taking photos properly
If you want to take pictures properly like a Professional photography , you shouldn’t be afraid of – or rather behind – the camera. First, gain experience in the selection of motifs and get to know your own preferences. You can enjoy all the conveniences of digitization and approach the manual settings step by step.