Nature; this realm of living plants and animals, is impacted by human activities such as deforestation, burning fossil fuels, pollution, and overexploitation… etc which causes climate change.
Many Earth fauna and flora are more sensitive and struggle to adapt to climate changes like humidity or temperature; while humans are more flexible when it comes to such changes, and due to this; lots of animals are forced to change their lifestyle or leave their habitats when many others are dying.
So in this article, we will be introducing 6 animals in danger of extinction that needs our help.
- Scientific name: Elephas maximus.
- Medium life span in the wild: up to 60 years.
- Average length: 21 feet.
- Average weight: up to 10.000 pounds.
- Number remaining: 40.000 – 50.000.
Asian Elephants live in southern and south-eastern Asin. we can find it in India, Thailand, China, Myanmar, and Cambodia.
Elephants are one of the most sociable animals; live in groups where the oldest female lead, they spend two thirds of their day feeding; and prefer to be close to water sources.
But due to deforestation agriculture development and droughts, these creations are losing their habitats; in addition to the conflicts with humans, as Elephants seek space they damage the agriculture crops near to their forest habitats which leads humans to kill and poach them.
Asian Elephants are not poached just because they raid crops; but also because their trusts that are sold extremely expensive in the black markets.
- Scientific name: acinonyx jabatus.
- Average life span in the wild: 10 to 12 years.
- Speed: 80 – 128 km/h
- Height: 3.5 – 4.5 feet.
- Average weight: 77 to 143 pounds.
- Number Remaining: 7000.
The cheetah is known as the fastest land mammal; but recently these beautiful skinned big cats are facing big threats.
Studies find that only 7000 cheetahs remaining in the wild when there were 100000 just by the end of the last century.
As humans are developing and expanding new areas and grasslands Cheetahs are losing both preys and habitats; and due to the decline of their natural preys they attend to attack humans’ livestock which leads people to shoot and kill them; without forgetting how they’re poached for their skin or caught for illegal pet trades.
That’s why scientists call organizations to add cheetahs to the endangered animal’s list and allocate protected areas for them to live.
- Scientific name: ursus maritimus.
- Average life span in the wild: 25 to 30 years.
- Weight: 900 to 1600 pounds.
- Size: 7.25 to 9 feet.
- Number remaining: 22.000 to 31.000.
Polar bears live in one of the coldest places in the world, its original range is within the Arctic Circle move around its seas and land masses, and they are good swimmers and strong hunters. Females usually give birth on the winter to two cubs and live with them for 28 months to teaching them how to be a polar bear. But due to human-caused climate change the sea ice is melting and they are losing their habitats and their preys as well.
Polar bears get most of their food from ice areas, their preys don’t come to land so often, and they cannot catch them in the open sea, so as the ice melts polar bears are food deprived and many of them are dying from hunger.
- Scientific name: giraffa camilopardalis.
- Average life span in the wild: 25 years.
- Size: adult females 14 feet / adult males 18 feet.
- Weight: 1750 to 2800 pounds.
- Number remaining: 68.000.
Giraffes are the tallest land mammals on Earth; they are one of the most unique African animals.
Giraffes have three powerful big hearts with a high blood pressure to push blood to its far brain due to its long neck, and can survive with just 5 to 30 minutes of sleep per day.
But this mammal is vulnerable; they are killed for their skin or meat especially in poor African countries, and also for their tails which is considered as a social status symbol in some other African communities.
- Scientific name: chiloniidae.
- Average life span in seas: unknown.
- Size: 7 feet long.
- Weight: 1500 pounds.
- Number remaining: unknown.
Sea turtles have existed since the time of the dinosaurs about 120 million years ago; there are so many interesting facts about these ancient reptiles.
Sea turtles can lay up to 150 eggs at a time,But unfortunately, just 0.1% of them survive to the adulthood due to predators in both beaches and seas; We can determine the sex of the eggs by measuring the temperature; if the temperature is at about 31c most of the hatchlings will be females but if the temperature is cooler at about 29c the majority of those hatchlings will be males which exposes it to the danger of extinction as the sand temperature increases.
Sea turtles lay on the Earth’s magnetic fields as natural GPS using magnetic minerals in their brains to know directions.
At this time there are 7 different kinds of sea turtles but all of them are in danger of extinction; they are threaten by fishing and accidental catches, ocean pollution, nests eggs bycatch, and trafficking turtles products.
- Scientific name: Balaenoptera musculus.
- Average life span in seas: 80 to 19 years.
- Size: 82 to 105 feet.
- Weight: up to 200 tons.
- Number remaining: 10.000 to 25.000 individuals.
This type of animals is in danger of extinction more than others
Sea Whales are the largest animals in history! Ocean buoyancy allowed them to grow times bigger than land animals when land animals skeletons can’t bear heavyweight bodies because of gravity. These marines communicate with their songs that are thought-about because the loudest within the kingdom, typically used through long distances. Their claves come to life as one of the largest animals weighing 3 tons (sometimes more).
These huge creations were aggressively hunted in the 1900s for the high value of some of their body parts, but they were recovered and protected by the end of the 1960s.
However, they are still under attack by sharks and killer whales or fall injured and even die due to impacts with big ships.